Common Screening Tests

TEST

OPTIMAL/NORMAL RANGE

DESCRIPTION

GLUCOSE

Less than 100

Measures the blood sugar level. Elevations are indicative of diabetes. Test is extremely sensitive to food intake.

CHOLESTEROL Less than 200 mg/dL
Cholesterol is a Blood lipid (fat) which has a direct correlation with the chances of developing coronary heart disease. Elevated cholesterol levels can be hereditary or from excess dietary intake of cholesterol rich foods. Your total blood cholesterol will fall into one of these categories:
 
Less than 200 mg/dL = Desirable
200-239 mg/dL = Borderline high
240 mg/dL = High
 
HIGH DENSITY
LIPOPROTEIN(HDL)
60 mg/dL and above

High density lipoproteins facilitate the transport of lipids (fats) to bodily tissues. HDL (also known as 'good' cholesterol) removes excess cholesterol from arteries, inhibiting the formation of atherosclerotic lesions. HDL can be increased by regular exercise, weight loss, smoking cessation, and reduction of fat intake.

LOW DENSITY
LIPOPROTEIN (LDL)
Less than 100 mg/dL

Low density lipoprotein is known as the bad cholesterol. High levels of LDL carry cholesterol through the blood, painting it on arteries in combination of calcium and plaques.

TRIGLYCERIDES Less than 150 mg/dL

A blood lipid (fat) derived primarily from carbohydrate intake. High levels may be associated with various disorders, including diabetes, alcohol abuse, and pancreatitis. Readings are extremely sensitive to diet. 

LDL/HDL RATIO 0.00-3.60

Low Density Lipoprotein divided by High Density Lipoprotein. The higher this ratio, the greater the risk for coronary atherosclerosis.

BMI 18.5 - 24.9 
 
BMI stands for Body Mass Index. It is a measure of body composition. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight and dividing by their height squared. The higher the figure the more overweight a person is. Like any of these types of measures it is only an indication and other issues such as body type and shape have a bearing as well.
BLOOD PRESSURE

Systolic:  <120 mmHg

Diastolic:  <80 mmHg

Every time the heart contracts, it squeeze blood out to the rest of the body. The systolic number of one's blood pressure is a measure of force in the walls of the arteries, tubes that bring blood to your hands and feet. The higher the number, the more force there is on the walls of the arteries which can lead to heart disease. Therefore, a low blood pressure value is desirable. When the heart relaxes, it fills up with blood again. The diastolic number represents the force on the walls of the arteries as blood is brought back to the heart. Desirable diastolic values are less than 80 mmHg.


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Best Practice for Eating and Exercise

Results and Recommendations

Diabetes Basics

Understanding Heart Disease

Steps to a Healthy Heart